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Multiple Sclerosis
Basic Information

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

An unpredictable disease of the central nervous system, multiple sclerosis (MS) can range from relatively benign to somewhat disabling to devastating, as communication between the brain and other parts of the body is disrupted. Many investigators believe MS to be an autoimmune disease -- one in which the body, through its immune system, launches a defensive attack against its own tissues. In the case of MS, it is the nerve-insulating myelin that comes under assault. Such assaults may be linked to an unknown environmental trigger, perhaps a virus.

Most people experience their first symptoms of MS between the ages of 20 and 40; the initial symptom of MS is often blurred or double vision, red-green color distortion, or even blindness in one eye. Most MS patients experience muscle weakness in their extremities and difficulty with coordination and balance. These symptoms may be severe enough to impair walking or even standing. In the worst cases, MS can produce partial or complete paralysis. Most people with MS also exhibit paresthesias, transitory abnormal sensory feelings such as numbness, prickling, or "pins and needles" sensations. Some may also experience pain. Speech impediments, tremors, and dizziness are other frequent complaints. Occasionally, people with MS have hearing loss. Approximately half of all people with MS experience cognitive impairments such as difficulties with concentration, attention...

 
Latest News
Common Asthma Drug Could Speed MS Treatment
Multiple Sclerosis Changes With the Seasons
Multiple Sclerosis Program Improves Drug Adherence
Quality Indicators Established for Multiple Sclerosis Care
Causal Hypothesis for Multiple Sclerosis Challenged
Genetic Variant Affects MS Severity and Relapse
Brain Changes in MS May Spur Depression
New Clues to Preventing Memory Loss From MS
FDA Panel Endorses 1st Oral Drug for Multiple Sclerosis
Eye Exam May Someday Spot Multiple Sclerosis
Genetic Variants Tied to MS, Study Finds
Sunlight May Play Role in Multiple Sclerosis Risk
Twins Study Points to Environmental Cause for MS
Cholesterol Drugs May Slow MS
Treatment Eases Involuntary Laughing, Crying Tied to Alzheimer's, MS
Smoking May Boost MS Risk in Some
3-D Imaging Better Detects Multiple Sclerosis Lesions
Discovery May Lead to Better Multiple Sclerosis Treatments
Fitness Boosts Brain Power in Multiple Sclerosis Patients
Migraine Tied to Raised Multiple Sclerosis Risk
Added Drug Aids MS Treatment
Drinking Milk While Pregnant May Lower Kids' MS Risk
More Doses of MS Drug Raise Risk of Brain Infection
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Examined in Multiple Sclerosis
Study Finds Oral Drug to Be Effective in Multiple Sclerosis
Mouse Study May Advance Multiple Sclerosis Research
Childbirth Linked to Milder Multiple Sclerosis Course
MS Need Not Preclude Pregnancy
MRI Found to Be Useful in Predicting Multiple Sclerosis
Adolescent Obesity Linked to MS Risk in Women
Early MS Relapses Linked to Short-Term Risk of Progression
Light Touch Helps Grip of MS Patients
Interferon Beta Effects Explored in Multiple Sclerosis
Glatiramer Acetate May Delay Multiple Sclerosis Onset
Early Drug Treatment May Cut Multiple Sclerosis Risk
 
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